LIST OF NEW JERSEY CHAMPIONS FROM THE 19TH CENTURY TO WORLD WAR II
BY PETE TAMBURRO
This is always a work in progress. Many of the champions were found in The World Almanac. There was a chess page in that venerable journal going back to the 19th century. Herman Helms at some point took over the page. The first time his name appeared was in the 1904 World Almanac. He continued this in the almanac until his death in 1963. The 1964 WA attribution is to just American Chess Bulletin. After that the USCF took over, and now it’s just a brief mention. Back in the day, Helms sometimes went to a second page with chess news! He even managed to squeeze two Alekhine games in (vs. Capablanca and Euwe). Some years in the 1930s had no entries at all, but by and large it is a treasure trove of chess history and results, especially for New York area chess. The NJ Open got mentioned in 1957 because You Know Who won it and again in 1958 and 1959, but since the kid wasn’t coming back, I guess Helms lost interest. He never lost interest with New York chess, though.
Here is our current best guess, based on our research. We have more places to go, and definitely have to get back to the Firestone Library at Princeton University to go through more of the Cook Collection.
We have found a variety of last name spellings for the same person. We have left the different spellings and initials as they were in the particular source for that year. Some periods of NJ chess history are very vague. The important thing to remember is that from the 19th century on, Washington’s Birthday was used as the day to hold a New Jersey Chess Association tournament to determine the state champion. That may help searching in NJ newspapers. For some reason, it turned into a giant team match on that day. We’re still working on that.
If anyone has any contributions or corrections to this list, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.